Q. Consider the following statements regarding the recently discovered mineral Goldschmidtite:
1. It was discovered in deep sea mines of Arctic Ocean.
2. It has high concentrations of elements like magnesium, iron, niobium and potassium.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A new, curious mineral has been discovered inside a diamond unearthed from a mine in South Africa.
- The mineral has been named goldschmidtite, after Victor Moritz Goldschmidt, the Norwegian scientist acknowledged as the founder of modern geochemistry.
- Goldschmidtite has an unusual chemical signature for a mineral from Earth’s mantle, according to the University of Alberta, a student of which discovered it.
- While the mantle is dominated by elements such as magnesium and iron, goldschmidtite has high concentrations of niobium, potassium and the rare earth elements lanthanum and cerium.
- PhD student Nicole Meyer found a single grain of the mineral in the diamond, unearthed in Koffiefontein, South Africa.
- The university described it as dark green and opaque.