Q. Consider the following statements regarding the “Tropical Thorn Forest”:
1. These occur in areas with rainfall less than 50 cm.
2. Important species found here are oak, teak and sal.
3. The forests are given an expression of scrub vegetation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 1 and 3 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Tropical thorn forests occur in the areas which receive rainfall less than 50 cm.  

  • These consist of a variety of grasses and shrubs. It includes semi-arid areas of south west Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.  
  • In these forests, plants remain leafless for most part of the year and give an expression of scrub vegetation.  
  • Important species found are babool, ber, and wild date palm, khair, neem, khejri, palas, etc. Tussocky grass grows upto a height of 2 m as the under growth. 

Source: NCERT – XI Fundamentals of Physical Geography