Q. Consider the following statements regarding third Buddhist council:
1.It was conducted under king Asoka.
2.Buddhism was divided into Hinayana and Mahayana sects under this council.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Explanation: One of the major events of Ashoka’s reign was the convening of the Third Buddhist sangha (council) in 250 BCE in the capital Pataliputra.

  • Ashoka’s deepening commitment to Buddhism meant that royal patronage was extended to the Buddhist establishment.
  • An important outcome of this sangha was the decision to expand the reach of Buddhism to other parts of the region and to send missions to convert people to the religion.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT