Q. Consider the following statements regarding Tughlaq Dynasty:
1.Ghazi Malik was the founder of the dynasty.
2.Ghazi Malik was the first sultan to start irrigation works.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: Ala-ud-din nominated his eldest son Khizr Khan, as his successor. However, Ala-ud-din’s confidant at that time was Malik Kafur. So Malik Kafur himself assumed the authority of the government.

  • But Kafur’s rule lasted only thirty-five days as he was assassinated by hostile nobles. Thereafter there were a series of murders which culminated in Ghazi Malik, a veteran of several campaigns against the Mongols, ascending the throne of Delhi in 1320 as Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq.
  • He murdered the incumbent Khalji ruler Khusrau and thereby prevented anyone from Khalji dynasty claiming the throne. First sultan to start irrigation works.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT