Q. Consider the following statements regarding UNCLOS (United Nation Convention on the Law of Sea)
1. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international treaty which was adopted and signed in 1992 at Rio conference
2. It replaced the four Geneva Conventions concerned with territorial sea, contagious zone etc
3. International Sea Bed Authority is created under the convention
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1&2 only

[B] 2&3 only

[C] 1&3 only

[D] 3 only

Answer: B
Notes:

About UNCLOS: 

  • The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international treaty which was adopted and signed in 1982. 
  • It lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world’s oceans and seas establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources 
  • It replaced the four Geneva Conventions of April, 1958, which respectively concerned the territorial sea and the contiguous zone, the continental shelf, the high seas, fishing and conservation of living resources on the high seas. 
  • The Convention has created three new institutions on the international scene: the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the International Seabed Authority, the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf 

Source: Article