Q. Consider the following statements with reference to the “Recusal of Judges”::
1.It is the removal of oneself as a judge in a particular matter. 
2.The frequency of recusal pleas is growing in India.
3.It is mandatory for the judge to provide reason for the recusal to the petitioner.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1 and 2 are correct. Recusal is the removal of oneself as a judge or policymaker in a particular matter. The frequency of recusal pleas is also growing recently. For instance, rarely a month passes without a judge recusing in Bombay HC.

Statement 3 is incorrect. A judge has the right to recuse him/herself. As is the custom, the judge did not need to explain her recusal to the petitioner.

Source: ForumIAS