Q. Consider the following statements with respect to Council of Ministers:
1. The council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha
2. The total number of ministers, shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha
Which of the following codes given below is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] . Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

The council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority is our politico-administrative system. The principles of parliamentary system of government are not detailed in the Constitution, but two Articles (74 and 75) deal with them in a broad, sketchy and general manner. Article 74 deals with the status of the council of ministers while Article 75 deals with the appointment, tenure, responsibility, qualification, oath and salaries and allowances of the ministers. Provisions related to Council of Ministers:

 

  • The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
  • The total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. This provision was added by the 91st Amendment Act of 2003.
  • A member of either house of Parliament belonging to any political party who is disqualified on the ground of defection shall also be disqualified to be appointed as a minister. This provision was also added by the 91stAmendment Act of 2003.
  • The ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.
  • The council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.
  • The President shall administer the oaths of office and secrecy to a minister.
  • A minister who is not a member of the Parliament (either house) for any period of six consecutive months shall cease to be a minister.
  • The salaries and allowances of ministers shall be determined by the Parliament.

Source: ForumIAS