Q. Consider the following statements with respect to Gupta Empire:
1. Gupta Age is called the golden age of Indian History
2. Vishnu temple at Tigwa, Shiva temple at Bhumara, and Parvati temples were built at that time of gupta’s
3. Chandragupta was the founder of the Gupta Empire
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B
Notes:

he period for Gupta age is in between 320-540 AD. In this time actually in India rapid development took place in different fields like in the field of art, architecture literature, philosophy, trade, science, and agriculture. Therefore, this age is called the golden age of Indian history. Sri Gupta is the founder of Gupta dynasty. However, Chandragupta was the first powerful ruler. In 320 AD he ascended the throne. He had the matrimonial alliance with Lichchhavi princess. So, in the history of Gupta Empire, this was the main turning point. Famous astronomers and mathematicians like Aryabhatta and Varahmihira wrote their work. Vishnu temple at Tigwa, Shiva temple at Bhumara, and Parvati temples were built at that time. The Buddhist cave in Ajanta and Bagh caves at Gwalior were of that period which is excellent for Indian art. Under the time of Guptas, Buddhism and Hinduism flourished well. At that time, the Sanskrit language reached its excellence.

Source: ForumIAS