Q. Consider the following statements with respect to Indian leopard:
1. Indian leopards are known for their ability to adapt to a variety of habitats
2. It is listed as vulnerable under IUCN red list
3. Jhalana in Rajasthan became India’s first leopard reserve in 2016
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] All of the above

Answer: D

All the statements are correct. 

About Indian Leopard or Common Leopard: 

  • The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent. These are the smallest of the big cats, known for their ability to adapt to a variety of habitats. 
  • Vegetation: In India, the leopard is found in all forest types, from tropical rainforests to temperate deciduous and alpine coniferous forests. It is also found in dry scrubs and grasslands, the only exception being desert and the mangroves of Sundarbans. 
  • Distribution: Its range stretches from the Indus River in the west, the Himalayas in the north, and all the way to the lower course of the Brahmaputra in the east. 
  • Conservation Status: 
  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable 
  • Wildlife (Protection)Act,1972: Schedule I 
  • CITES: Appendix I