Q. .Consider the following statements with respect to Justice in Preamble of Indian Constitution:
1. The term justice in the Preamble embraces social and political justice only
2. A combination of social justice and political justice denotes what is known as distributive justice.
3. The ideal of Justice has been taken from Russian Revolution
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 2 and 3 only

Answer: C
  • The term justice‘ in the Preamble embraces three distinct forms-social, economic and political, secured through various provisions of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.
  • Social justice denotes the equal treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on caste, color, race, religion, sex and so on. It means absence of privileges being extended to any particular section of the society, and improvement in the conditions of backward classes (SCs, STs and OBCs) and women.
  • Economic justice denotes the non-discrimination between people on the basis of economic factors. It involves the elimination of glaring inequalities in wealth, income and property.
  • A combination of social justice and economic justice denotes what is known as distributive justice‘. Political justice implies that all citizens should have equal political rights, equal access to all political offices and equal voice in the government.