Q. Consider the following statements with respect to mangrove forest?
1.Mangrove forests only grow at tropical and subtropical latitudes near the equator because they cannot withstand freezing temperatures.
2.It helps in reducing soil erosion.
3.Anthropogenic activities are one of the reasons for decline in mangrove ecosystem.
Which statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: All three statements are correct.

Statement 1: Mangroves are a group of trees and shrubs that live in the coastal intertidal zone. There are about 80 different species of mangrove trees. All of these trees grow in areas with low-oxygen soil, where slow-moving waters allow fine sediments to accumulate. Mangrove forests only grow at tropical and subtropical latitudes near the equator because they cannot withstand freezing temperatures.

Statement 2: Mangrove forests stabilize the coastline, reducing erosion from storm surges, currents, waves, and tides. The intricate root system of mangroves also makes these forests attractive to fish and other organisms seeking food and shelter from predators.