Q. Consider the following statements with respect to presidential system of government:
1. The American President is both the head of the State and the head of government
2. He cannot be removed by the Congress except by impeachment for a grave unconstitutional act.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?
- The features of the American presidential system of government are as follows:
- The American President is both the head of the State and the head of government. As the head of State, he occupies a ceremonial position.
- As the head of government, he leads the executive organ of government. The President is elected by an electoral college for a fixed tenure of four years.
- He cannot be removed by the Congress except by impeachment for a grave unconstitutional act. The President governs with the help of a cabinet or a smaller body called ‘Kitchen Cabinet’.
- It is only an advisory body and consists of non-elected departmental secretaries. They are selected and appointed by him, are responsible only to him, and can be removed by him any time.
- The President and his secretaries are not responsible to the Congress for their acts. They neither possess membership in the Congress nor attend its sessions.
- The President cannot dissolve the House of Representatives-the lower house of the Congress. The doctrine of separation of powers is the basis of the American presidential system.
- The legislative, executive and judicial powers of the government are separated and vested in the three independent organs of the government.