Q. Consider the following statements with respect to presidential system of government:
1. The American President is both the head of the State and the head of government
2. He cannot be removed by the Congress except by impeachment for a grave unconstitutional act.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:
  • The features of the American presidential system of government are as follows:
  • The American President is both the head of the State and the head of government. As the head of State, he occupies a ceremonial position.
  • As the head of government, he leads the executive organ of government. The President is elected by an electoral college for a fixed tenure of four years.
  • He cannot be removed by the Congress except by impeachment for a grave unconstitutional act. The President governs with the help of a cabinet or a smaller body called ‘Kitchen Cabinet’.
  • It is only an advisory body and consists of non-elected departmental secretaries. They are selected and appointed by him, are responsible only to him, and can be removed by him any time.
  • The President and his secretaries are not responsible to the Congress for their acts. They neither possess membership in the Congress nor attend its sessions.
  • The President cannot dissolve the House of Representatives-the lower house of the Congress. The doctrine of separation of powers is the basis of the American presidential system.
  • The legislative, executive and judicial powers of the government are separated and vested in the three independent organs of the government.

Source: Source