Q. Consider the following statements with respect to the formation of rainbows:
1.Sunlight and rainfall are essential conditions for the formation of rainbows.
2.It occurs due to the refraction of water droplets with sunlight.
3.India will see a smaller number of rainbows in the coming years due to the change in precipitation patterns.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 1 and 3 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A
Notes:

Statement 1: A rainbow is a common atmospheric optical phenomenon. Sunlight and rainfall are essential conditions for the formation of rainbows.

Statement 2: Rainbow occurs due to the refraction of water droplets with sunlight.

Statement 3: The statement is incorrect. There has been change in the precipitation patterns in India and precipitation might increase in India due to the climate change. Thus, increasing the number of rainbows in India. India along with African countries like Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Ethiopia are also likely to experience more rainbow days.

Source: DTE