Q. Consider the following statements with respect to the property, contracts, rights of the Union and the states:
1. All minerals and other things of value under the waters of the ocean within the territorial waters of India vests with the Union and States
2. India’s territorial waters extend to a distance of 12 nautical miles from the appropriate base line
Which of the following codes given below is/are NOT correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Articles 94 to 300 in Part XII of the Constitution deal with the property, contracts, rights, liabilities, obligations and suits of the Union and the states. In this regard, the Constitution makes the Union or the states as juristic (legal) persons. All lands, minerals and other things of value under the waters of the ocean within the territorial waters of India, the continental shelf of India and the exclusive economic zone of India vests in the Union. Hence, a state near the ocean cannot claim jurisdiction over these things. India’s territorial waters extend to a distance of 12 nautical miles from the appropriate base line. Similarly, India’s exclusive economic zone extends up to 200 nautical miles.

Source: ForumIAS