Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Chauth was one – third of the revenue of the district conquered by the Marthas.
2. Sardeshmukhi was an additional 20% of the revenue which Shivaji collected by virtue of his position as Sardeshmukh.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

As the revenue collected from the state was insufficient to meet its requirements, Shivaji collected two taxes, Chauth and Sardeshmukhi, from the adjoining territories of his empire, the Mughal provinces and the territories of the Sultan of Bijapur.  

  • Chauth was one-fourth of the revenue of the district conquered by the Marthas.  
  • Sardeshmukhi was an additional 10% of the revenue which Shivaji collected by virtue of his position as Sardeshmukh.  
  • Sardeshmukh was the superior head of many Desais or Deshmukhs.  
  • Shivaji claimed that he was the hereditary Sardeshmukh of his country. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.