Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Gun powder was first invented by the Chinese.
2. In India we have no instances of artillery being used in war before Balban.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Artillery is an army unit that uses large cannon-like weapons, transportable and usually operated by more than one person.

  • Gun powder was first invented by the Chinese and found its way to Europe in the 13th century A.D. (CE).
  • It was used in guns and cannons from the mid-fourteenth century onwards. In India we have no instances of artillery being used in war before Babur.

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.