Q. Consider the following statements:
1. In India, there is no law restricting the candidates from contesting in one Lok Sabha election from three constituencies.
2. In 1991 Lok Sabha Election, Shri Devi Lal contested from three Lok Sabha constituencies.
3. As per the existing rules, if a candidate contests in one Lok Sabha election from many constituencies, his/here party should bear the cost of bye-elections to the constituencies vacated by him/her in the event of his/her winning in all the constituencies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] 1 and 3

[D] 2 and 3

Answer: B
Notes:

Why this question) Important static concept from polity. Assembly elections held in states in 2021 where candidates contested from two seats and some won in bye-elections. 

Ans) b 

Exp) Option b is correct. 

Statement 1 is incorrect. In 1996, the Representation of the People Act, 1951, was amended which restricted the number of seats one candidate could contest in one election to two constituencies. And whenever they have won more than one, the candidates have retained only one, forcing bypolls in the rest. 

Statement 2 is correct. In 1991 Lok Sabha Election, Shri Devi Lal contested from three Lok Sabha constituencies. (Although such information need not be remembered by students, it can be validated by eliminating other statements). 

Statement 3 is incorrect. There is no such provision that if a candidate contests in one Lok Sabha elections from many constituencies, then his/her party should bear the cost of bye-elections to the constituencies vacated by him/her in the event of him/her winning in all the constituencies. In every case, the Election Commission of India (ECI) bears the cost of elections/bye-elections in all the constituencies in Lok Sabha and assembly elections as well. 

Source) https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/bar-people-from-contesting-from-two-seats-election-commission/articleshow/55960421.cms  

Subject) Polity