Q. Consider the following statements:
1.India has an even pattern of population distribution.
2.The density of population in India is 382 persons per sq km.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: It is clear that India has a highly uneven pattern of population distribution.

  • The percentage shares of population of the states and Union Territories in the country show that Uttar Pradesh has the highest population followed by Maharashtra, Bihar and West Bengal.
  • Density of population is expressed as number of persons per unit area.
  • It helps in getting a better understanding of the spatial distribution of population in relation to land.
  • The density of population in India (2011) is 382 persons per sq km.

Source: NCERT – People & Economy