Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Mughal Architecture had influence on temple architecture in India.
2. The Shalimar Gardens are showpiece of Indian horticulture.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

The Shalimar Gardens of Jahangir and Shah Jahan are showpieces of Indian horticulture.  

  • Apart from the many massive structures, the Mughals contributed many civil works of public utility, the greatest of them being the bridge over the Gomati River at Jaunpur.  
  • The most impressive feat is the West Yamuna Canal which provided water to Delhi.  
  • Mughal architecture influenced even temple construction in different parts of the country.  
  • The temple of Govind Dev at Vrindavan near Mathura and Bir Singh’s temple of Chaturbhuj at Orchchaa (Madhya Pradesh) displays Mughal influence. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.