Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Nehru called her ‘Daughter of the hills’.
2. She demanded a separate Zeliangrong area within the Union of India.
3. She was awarded with the Tamra Patra in 1972 and the Padma Bhushan in 1982.
Which of the following personalities is being referred to in the statements given above?

[A] Gaidinliu

[B] Chennamma

[C] Abbakka

[D] Velu Nachiyar

Answer: A
  • Rani Gaidinliu was born on January 26, 1915, in the present-day Tamenglong district of Manipur. She belonged to the Rongmei Naga tribe. 
  • At the age of 13, Rani Gaidinliu joined the Heraka Religious movement of her cousin Haipou Jadonang. 
  • Heraka was a socio-religious movement that arose in the 1920s in the Zeliangrong territory. It was started by Jadonang to resist the infiltration of Christian missionaries as well as the reforms imposed by the British government. 
  • Acknowledging her role in the struggle against the British, Jawaharlal Nehru called her the “Daughter of the Hills” and gave her the title “Rani” or queen.