Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Right to the city’ is an agreed human right and the UN-Habitat monitors the Commitments made by each country in this regard.
2. “Right to the City” gives every occupant of the city the right to reclaim public spaces and public participation in the city.
3. “Right to the City” means that the State cannot deny any public service or facility to the unauthorized colonies in the city.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 3 only

[C] 1 and 2

[D] 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

Why this question: 

  • In Ajay Maken & Ors. vs Union of India & Ors. (2019), the Delhi High Court invoked the idea of the Right to the City to uphold the housing rights of slum dwellers. 
  • right to the city was seen in news in the context of Delhi’s Draft Master Plan 2041 

 Ans) c 

Exp) Option c is correct. 

Right to the city is a holistic approach to improving the quality of everyday life in cities. 

Statement 1 is correct. The right to the city is at the heart of the New Urban Agenda agreed at Habitat III. UN-Habitat partners with national and local governments, academia, civil society and the private sector in the implementation and monitoring of the commitment made under the New Urban Agenda and SDG 11. 

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights commits to social justice through the promotion, defense and fulfillment of all human rights related to habitat, including the Human Right to Adequate Housing, Land and the Right to the City in every region of the world. 

There is also a World Charter for the Right to the City which provides a progressive framework to rethink cities and urbanization. 

Statement 2 is correct. The Right to the City is the right of all inhabitants (present and future, permanent and temporary) to inhabit, use, occupy, produce, transform, govern and enjoy cities, towns and human settlements that are just, inclusive, safe, sustainable and democratic, defined as common goods for enjoying life with dignity and peace.  The right to the city further implies responsibilities on governments and people to claim, defend, and promote this right. 

This right claims for: 

  • the social function of the city; 
  • quality public spaces; 
  • sustainable and inclusive rural-urban linkages; 
  • inclusive economies;  
  • inclusive citizenship; 
  • enhanced political participation; 
  • non-discrimination;  
  • gender equality; and  
  • cultural diversity 

 

Statement 3 is incorrect. The Right to the City does not mean the guarantee of any public service or facility to the unauthorized colonies in a city. It guarantees the common goods and services which are essential for the quality of life. 

Source) https://www.right2city.org/news/declaration-on-human-rights-day-and-the-right-to-the-city/  

https://www.hlrn.org.in/documents/World_Charter_on_the_Right_to_the_City.htm  

https://uploads.habitat3.org/hb3/Habitat%20III%20Policy%20Paper%201.pdf 

Subject) Polity + Environment