Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Shahji, father of Shivaji was a descendant of the Yadava rulers of Devagiri.
2. Tukaram was regarded by Shivaji as his guru.
Which of the statements above given is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Shivaji was born in Shivner near Junnar. He was the son of Shahji Bhonsle by his first wife Jijabai.  

  • Shahji was a descendant of the Yadava rulers of Devagiri from his mother’s side and the Sisodias of Mewar on his father’s side. 
  • Shivaji earned the goodwill of the Mavali peasants and chiefs, who were a martial people with knowledge about the hilly areas around Poona.  
  • Shivaji made himself familiar with the hilly areas around Poona.  
  • Religious heads, Ramdas and Tukaram, also influenced Shivaji. Ramdas was regarded by Shivaji as his guru. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.