Q. Consider the following statements:
1. The fourth Buddhist Council was hosted by Pushyamitra Shunga.
2. Kanishka was supported mahayana Sect.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

The best known of the Kushana kings was Kanishka, who is thought to have ruled from 78 CE till 101 or 102 CE.  

  • Ironically, 78 CE is held to be the beginning of the “Saka era” in the Indian calendar.  
  • Historians are, hence, divided about Kanishka’s period. His rule is said to have started anywhere between 78 and 144 CE.  
  • Kanishka was an ardent follower of Buddhism and hosted the fourth Buddhist mahasangha or council (the third council had been held in Pataliputra during Asoka’s reign).  
  • By now Mahayana Buddhism had become the dominant sect, and Kanishka supported the missions sent to China to preach Buddhism. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.