Q. Consider the following statements:
1. The kantakasodhana courts mostly dealt with civil law relating to marriage, inheritance and other aspects of civil life.
2. The main purpose of dharmasthiya courts was to clear the society of anti-social elements and various types of crimes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Justice was administered through courts, which were established in all the major towns. Two types of courts are mentioned.  

  • The dharmasthiya courts mostly dealt with civil law relating to marriage, inheritance and other aspects of civil life.  
  • The courts were presided over by three judges wellversed in sacred laws and three amatyas (secretaries).  
  • Another type of court was called kantakasodhana (removal of thorns), also presided over by three judges and three amatyas.  
  • The main purpose of these courts was to clear the society of anti-social elements and various types of crimes, and it functioned more like the modern police, and relied on a network of spies for information about such antisocial activities.  
  • Punishments for crimes were usually quite severe. The overall objective of the judicial system as it evolved was to extend government control over most aspects of ordinary life. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.