Q. Consider the following statements:
1. Tipu Sultan had good diplomatic relation with Portuguese who helped him in his fight against English.
2. The Third Mysore war ended with the Treaty of Srirangapatnam.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Tipu sent an embassy to Constantinople and another in 1787 to Paris. These diplomatic efforts of Tipu were intended to strengthen him against the English.  

  • The French Monarch Louis XVI was hospitable, but could give only vague promises of support to the Sultan. 
  • Tipu’s attack on Travancore which was an ally of the British and his capture of Cranganore was treated as a declaration of war on the Company government. Hence the third Anglo-Mysore War broke out. 
  • According to the treaty of Srirangapatnam, the Tipu was to give up half of his dominions, pay three crores of rupees as indemnity, and pledge two of his sons as hostages.  
  • The allies were given equal shares of the indemnity and of the ceded territories. The English got Malabar, Dindigul and Barmahal.  
  • Tipu lost Coorg (Kudagu), whose raja became a feudatory to the Company. Tipu’s power was greatly reduced.  
  • And after their stay at Madras as hostages the boys returned to Srirangapatnam on 29 May 1794 when their father had paid all the dues to the English.  
  • Tipu could hardly forget his humiliation and the heavy territorial and monetary losses suffered. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.