Q. Consider the following:
Which of the above can be cultured in artificial/synthetic medium?
Why this Question) Commercial use of Bacteria and Fungi, also viruses in news.
Exp) Option a is correct.
Statement 1 is correct. Bacteria can be grown in synthetic culture media. Researchers a had rewritten the DNA of the bacteria Escherichia coli, fashioning a synthetic genome four times larger and far more complex than any previously created.
Statement 2 is correct. Fungi can be grown in synthetic culture media. Four allergologically important fungi, viz. Aspergillus fumigatus, Alternaria Penicillium notatum, and Cladosporium herbarum, were cultured in a pure synthetic medium.
Statement 3 is incorrect. Viruses lack metabolic machinery of their own and are totally dependent on their host cell for replication, they cannot be grown in synthetic culture media.