Q. “Dharmachakra-parivartana” is associated with which of the following?

[A] Jainism

[B] Ajivikas

[C] Buddhism

[D] Hinduism

Answer: C

Explanation: Siddhartha wandered about and joined Alara Kalama as a disciple for a brief period. He also sought guidance from a hermit Uddaka Ramaputta.

  • Siddartha was not satisfied with their path and practised severe austerities, which left him nearly dead.
  • One day, he ate rice boiled in milk given by a milkmaid named Sujata and began meditation under a pipal tree in Bodhgaya.
  • After 49 days of meditation, he attained enlightenment, at the age of 35. Thereafter, he came to be called Buddha or the Enlightened.
  • He then delivered his first sermon in a deer park in Sarnath near Varanasi. This event is described as Dharmachakra-parivartana or ‘wheel of the great law’.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT