Q. “Environment Impact Assessment” in India is statutorily backed by?

[A] Environment Protection Act, 1986

[B] Forest Conservation Act, 1980

[C] Forest Rights Act, 2006

[D] Indian Forest Act, 1927

Answer: A

Explanation: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.

Environment Impact Assessment in India is statutorily backed by the Environment Protection Act, 1986 which contains various provisions on EIA methodology and process.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment