Q. “Eriocaulon parvicephalum and Eriocaulon karaavalense” is recently found species from?

[A] Andaman & Nicobar Islands

[B] Lakshadweep

[C] Western Ghats

[D] Ladakh region

Answer: C

Scientists from the Agharkar Research Institute in Pune have recently discovered two new species of pipeworts in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra and Karnataka. 

  • The species reported from Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra has been named Eriocaulon parvicephalum (due to its minute inflorescence size), and the other reported from Kumta, Karnataka is called Eriocaulon karaavalense (named after Karaavali, Coastal Karnataka region). 
  • Pipeworts (Eriocaulon) is a plant group which completes its life cycle within a small period during monsoon. It exhibits great diversity in the Western Ghats. 
  • Around 111 species of pipeworts are found in India. Most of these are reported from the Western Ghats and the eastern Himalayas, and around 70% of them are endemic to the country. 
  • “One species, Eriocaulon cinereum, is well known for its anti-cancerous, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and astringent properties.  
  • E. quinquangulare is used against liver diseases. E. madayiparense is an anti-bacterial from Kerala. The medicinal properties of the newly discovered species are yet to be explored”. 

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/two-new-plant-species-discovered-in-western-ghats/article32770885.ece