Q. Global Health Security Index’ is published by which of the following institution?

[A] World Health Organization

[B] FAO

[C] Nuclear Threat Initiative

[D] World Bank

Answer: C
Notes:

About Global Health Security Index (GHS):

It is the first comprehensive assessment and benchmarking of health security and related capabilities across 195 countries. It is published by Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security.

Aim: To spur measurable changes in national health security and improve the international capability to address one of the world’s most omnipresent risks: infectious disease outbreaks that can lead to international epidemics and pandemics.

Indicators: The Index assesses countries across 6 categories, 37 indicators, and 171 questions. The six categories are: prevention, detection and reporting, rapid response, health system, compliance with International norms and risk environment.

Scoring: The overall score (0–100) for each country is a weighted sum of the six categories, in which 100 represents the most favorable health security conditions and 0 represents the least favorable conditions.

Key findings of the 2021 index

Global findings: The world’s overall performance on the Index score slipped to 38.9 (out of 100) in 2021 from a score of 40.2 in 2019.

  • In 2021, no country scored in the top tier of rankings and no country scored above 75.9.
  • Around 73% of countries did not have the ability to provide expedited approval for medical countermeasures, such as vaccines and antiviral drugs, during a public health emergency.

Findings related to South Asia: In South Asia, India with a score of 42.8 (out of 100) has slipped by 0.8 points since 2019. But three neighbouring countries — Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives — have improved their score.

Thus, based on these findings, the report concluded that the world remains completely unprepared for future epidemic and pandemic threats.

Source: Important Indexes