Q. In the context of Indian climate, what is the reason of ‘October Heat’?

[A] Low temperature and rainy conditions

[B] High temperature and rainy conditions

[C] High temperature and humidity

[D] Low temperature and humidity

Answer: C

The retreating southwest monsoon season is marked by clear skies and rise in temperature. The land is still moist.  

  • Owing to the conditions of high temperature and humidity, the weather becomes rather oppressive. This is commonly known as the ‘October heat’.  
  • In the second half of October, the mercury begins to fall rapidly, particularly in northern India.  
  • The weather in the retreating monsoon is dry in north India but it is associated with rain in the eastern part of the Peninsula. Here, October and November are the rainiest months of the year. 

Source: NCERT – India Physical Environment