Q. In which of the following cities was the Sangam assemblies held?

[A] Nagapattinam

[B] Thiruvarur

[C] Thiruvallur

[D] Madurai

Answer: D


  • The Sangam assemblies were held in Madura city.
  • The period roughly between the 3rd century B.C. and 3rd century A.D. in South India (the area lying to the south of river Krishna and Tungabhadra) is known as Sangam Period.
  • It has been named after the Sangam academies held during that period that flourished under the royal patronage of the Pandya kings of Madurai.
  • At the Sangams, eminent scholars assembled and functioned as the board of censors and the choicest literature was rendered in the nature of anthologies.
  • These literary works were the earliest specimens of Dravidian literature.
  • According to the Tamil legends, there were three Sangams (Academy of Tamil poets) held in ancient South India popularly called Muchchangam.
  • The First Sangam is believed to be held at Madurai, attended by gods and legendary sages.
  • No literary work of this Sangam is available.
  • The second Sangam was held at Kapadapuram, only Tolkappiyam survives from this.
  • The Third Sangam was also held at Madurai.
  • A few of these Tamil literary works have survived and are useful sources to reconstruct the history of the Sangam period.
  • The Sangama dynasty was founded by Harihara and Bukka Raya, who founded the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • It was named after their father Sangama.

Source: Tamil Nadu State Board Class 11