Q. In which of the following countries Gondwana – type sediments can be found?
1.India
2.Madagascar
3.Falkland Island
Choose the correct answer from the given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: The Gondawana system of sediments from India is known to have its counterparts in six different landmasses of the Southern Hemisphere.

  • At the base, the system has thick tillite indicating extensive and prolonged glaciation.
  • Counterparts of this succession are found in Africa, Falkland Island, Madagascar, Antarctica and Australia.
  • Overall resemblance of the Gondawana-type sediments clearly demonstrates that these landmasses had remarkably similar histories.
  • The glacial tillite provides unambiguous evidence of palaeoclimates and also of drifting of continents.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography