Q. In which of the following ways do the birds contribute to the various ecosystem services?:
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
- Birds contribute toward many ecosystem servicesthat either directly or indirectly benefit humanity. These include provisioning, regulating, cultural, and supporting services.
- Thefunctional role of birds within ecosystems as pollinators, seed-dispersers, ecosystem engineers, scavengers and predators facilitates accrual and maintenance of biodiversity. It also supports human endeavours such as sustainable agriculture via pest control, besides aiding other animals to multiply.
- Thecultural role of birds is perhaps more important than any other taxonomic group, the study says. Beyond its symbolic and artistic values, birdwatching is a global pastime practised by millions of people.