Q. “It is a situation when there is a prolonged period of inadequate rainfall marked with mal-distribution of the same over time and space” – is related to which of the following?

[A] Meteorological Drought

[B] Agricultural Drought

[C] Hydrological Drought

[D] Ecological Drought

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The term ‘drought’ is applied to an extended period when there is a shortage of water availability due to inadequate precipitation, excessive rate of evaporation and over-utilisation of water from the reservoirs and other storages, including the ground water.

Meteorological Drought: It is a situation when there is a prolonged period of inadequate rainfall marked with mal-distribution of the same over time and space.

Source: NCERT – Indian Physical Environment