Q. “It is called after the types of vegetation, like low growing mosses, lichens and flowering plants. This is the region of permafrost where the sub soil is permanently frozen” – describes which of the following?

[A] Cryosphere climate

[B] Timberline forest climate

[C] Mediterranean climate

[D] Tundra climate

Answer: D
Notes:

The tundra climate (ET) is so called after the types of vegetation, like low growing mosses, lichens and flowering plants.  

  • This is the region of permafrost where the sub soil is permanently frozen.  
  • The short growing season and water logging support only low growing plants.  
  • During summer, the tundra regions have very long duration of day light. 

Source: NCERT XI Fundamentals of Physical geography