Q. “It requires sandy loams, loams and well drained black soils which allow enough aeration.” Which of the following crop is talked in the above statement?

[A] Wheat

[B] Cotton

[C] Groundnut

[D] Coffee

Answer: C

Groundnut grows best in deep, well-drained soils with a sandy or very loose surface layer. If the moist soil is rubbed between the index finger and the thumb should not form a ribbon but should fall apart easily. Such soil is best for groundnut crop. In addition to soil fertility, soil – texture is vitally important aspect of groundnut production. Well – drained, light – textured, loose, friable sandy – loam or sandy clay loam soils, well – supplied with calcium and a moderate amount of organic matter are ideal for groundnut cultivation.

Gujarat tops with 27.87 percent of total production followed by Andhra Pradesh 24.19 percent, Tamil Nadu 14.84 Percent and Karnataka 1095 percent. Though other states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are the important groundnut producing states.

Source: NCERT