Q. “Keibul Lamjao National Park” is often seen in news is located in which of the following state?
Explanation: Manipur is the home of brow-antlered deer called “Sangai” (Rucervus eldii eldii), one of the endangered deer species in the world, now available only in Keibul Lamjao National Park of the State. It is also called as Manipur Dancing Deer.
- The National Park is located in the South-Eastern part of the Loktak Lake, which is the largest natural freshwater lake in North-East India.
- The unique floating biomass of vegetations, which forms meadows, locally called ‘Phumdi’ plays a crucial role as the habitat of Sangai.
- It has a combination of aquatic wetland and terrestrial eco-system. This National Park has also been declared as a Ramsar site.
- The Sangai was declared extinct in 1951 and then re-discovered at Keibul Lamjao in 1953. The first census of Sangai conducted in 1975, counted 14 heads only.
- Therefore, the Forest Department took initiative in 1975 and notified Keibul Lamjao National Park in 1977.
- With intensive in-situ conservation efforts by the Forest Department, the population has grown and as per the 2016 ground census, the population of Sangai has reached 260.