Q. “Madam H.P. Blavatsky and Colonel H.S. Olcott” was related to which of the following?

[A] Arya Samaj

[B] Brahmo Samaj

[C] Prarthana Samaj

[D] Theosophical Society

Answer: D

Explanation: Even as Indian intellectuals felt challenged by western Enlightenment and rationalistic movements, there was a strain of thinking in the West which looked to the East for spiritual salvation.

From this idea emerged the Theosophical Society, founded by Madam H.P. Blavatsky and Colonel H.S. Olcott in the United States of America in 1875.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT