Q. “Parasnath hills” is located in which of the following state?

[A] Madhya Pradesh

[B] Jharkhand

[C] Himachal Pradesh

[D] Maharashtra

Answer: B

Parasnath Hills are a range of hills located in Giridih district of Jharkhand. The highest peak is 1350 metres. It is one of the most important pilgrimage centres for Jains. They call it Sammed Sikhar.  

  • The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara. Twenty of the twenty-four Jain Tirthankaras attained salvation on this hill.  
  • According to some, nine Tirthakaras attained salvation on this hill. For each of them there is a shrine (gumti or tuk) on the hill. Some of the temples on the hill are believed to be more than 2,000 years old.  
  • However, although the place is habited from ancient times, the temples may be of more recent origin.  
  • The Santhals call it Marang Buru, the hill of the deity. They celebrate a hunting festival on the full moon day in Baisakh (mid April). 

Source: NCERT XI India Physical Environment