Q. Recently the World Health Organization said that “burnout” remains an “occupational phenomenon” and it is not considered as a medical condition. Which of the following is/are the characteristics of burnout syndrome?
1. Feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion.
2. Increased mental distance from one’s job.
3. Reduced professional efficacy.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

The World Health Organization said on May 28 that “burnout” remains an “occupational phenomenon” that could lead someone to seek care but it is not considered a medical condition. 

  • The clarification came a day after the WHO mistakenly said it had listed burnout in its International Classification of Diseases (ICD) for the first time. 
  • While burnout was listed in the previous version, the ICD-10, its definition has been changed in the latest edition of the text. “The definition has been modified based on existing research”. 
  • WHO has now defined burnout as “a syndrome conceptualised as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed”. 
  • It said the syndrome was characterised by: “1) feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion; 2) increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job; and 3) reduced professional efficacies.” 
  • “Burn-out refers specifically to phenomena in the occupational context and should not be applied to describe experiences in other areas of life,” according to the definition. 

Source: WHO