Q. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) was established under?

[A] The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

[B] The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

[C] The Environment (Protection) Act,1986

[D] The National Environmental Tribunal Act,1995

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organization, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

Source: https://cpcb.nic.in/Introduction