Q. The concept of Public Interest Litigation originated in:

[A] United Kingdom

[B] Australia

[C] The United States

[D] Canada

Answer: C

Explanation: Public Interest Litigation:

  • The concept of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) originated and developed in the USA in the 1960s.
  • In the USA, it was designed to provide legal representation to previously unrepresented groups and interests.
  • It was undertaken in recognition of the fact that the ordinary marketplace for legal services fails to provide such services to significant segments of the population and to significant interests.
  • Such groups and interests include the poor, environmentalists, consumers, racial and ethnic minorities, and others.
  • In India, the PIL is a product of the judicial activism role of the Supreme Court.
  • It was introduced in the early 1980s. Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer and Justice P.N. Bhagwati were the pioneers of the concept of PIL.

Source: UPSC PYQ