Q. The “Essay on Population” was written by which of the following?

[A] Thomas Robert Malthus

[B] Adam Smith

[C] David Ricardo

[D] John Marshall

Answer: A

Explanation: Among the most famous theories of demography is the one associated with the English political economist Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834).

Malthus’s theory of population growth – outlined in his Essay on Population (1798) – was a rather pessimistic one.

Source: NCERT