Q. The famous “The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money” book was written by?

[A] Adam Smith

[B] David Ricardo

[C] J. M. Keynes

[D] B. R. Ambedkar

Answer: C

Explanation: The belief in the self-correcting quality of the market and the ‘invisible hand’ of Adam Smith got a major setback in early 20th century during the Great Depression (1929).

  • The impact of the depression spread from the USA to other economies of Western Europe escalating large scale unemployment, downfall in demand and economic activities and lockouts in industrial enterprises. The prevailing Smithonian macro ideas failed to check the crisis.
  • A new approach was needed which came in the famous work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936) by the English economist at Cambridge University, John Maynard Keynes (1883–1946).

Source: Ramesh Singh