Q. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) is functions under which of the following?

[A] Ministry of Agriculture

[B] Ministry of Consumer Affairs & Cooperation

[C] Ministry Of Environment Forests & Climate Change

[D] NITI Aayog

Answer: C

Explanation: Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC): It functions under the MOEF&CC and is responsible for approval of

  • activities involving large scale use of hazardous microorganisms and recombinants in research and industrial production from environmental angle
  • Proposals relating to release of genetically engineered organisms and products into the environment including experimental field trials.
  • The GEAC or any person/s authorized by it shall have powers to take punitive action under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986.