Q. The “Girmit Act” is related to which of the following?

[A] Shifting cultivation

[B] Migration

[C] Tribal economic development

[D] Women empowerment

Answer: B

Explanation: During colonial period (British period) millions of the indentured labourers were sent to Mauritius, Caribbean islands (Trinidad, Tobago and Guyana), Fiji and South Africa by British from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar;

  • To Reunion Island, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Surinam by French and Dutch and by Portuguese from Goa, Daman and Diu to Angola, Mozambique to work as plantation workers.
  • All such migrations were covered under the time-bound contract known as Girmit Act (Indian Emigration Act).

Source: NCERT – India People & Economy