Q. The “Ilbert Bill controversy” is related to which of the following?
Explanation: The Ilbert Bill controversy: Ripon’s Government had sought to abolish “judicial disqualification based on race distinctions” and to give the Indian members of the covenanted civil service the same powers and rights as those enjoyed by their European colleagues.
Ripon had to modify the bill, thus almost defeating the original purpose, because of the stiff opposition from the European community.
Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT