Q. The “Jambudweep” – is an Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Area is located in which of the following states?

[A] Tamil Nadu

[B] West Bengal

[C] Odisha

[D] Andhra Pradesh

Answer: B

Jambudweep is a small island that is partly covered with thick mangroves. This mangrove island can be approached from Bakhali or Frazarganj, in District 24 Parganas.  

  • The climate is humid, like that of the mainland, and the island experiences a similar pattern of tidal influence. The entire Island is under the control of the forest department and is devoid of human habitations.  
  • The island harbors 7 species of mangrove and 12 mangrove-associated species, along with other terrestrial vegetation. Although there are no reports of turtle nesting, turtle sightings have been reported.  
  • Being located in the Ganges fan, the site has been turbated by fishermen for commercially important fishes.  
  • Similarly, sightings of porpoises and River Dolphins have also been reported often from around this site.  
  • The island and its vegetation provide a roost for a large number of seabird species. Fishing and fisheries-related activities are the main economic activities.  
  • The West Bengal Forest Department established a mangrove nursery and undertook extensive mangrove plantation in and around this island. 

Source: https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/mar/ebsaws-2015-02/other/ebsaws-2015-02-india-submission1-en.pdf