Q. The primary education in the Islamic World is provided at which of the following institution?

[A] Madrasa

[B] Maktab

[C] Mosque

[D] At residence

Answer: B

Certain traditions of education were now implanted from the Islamic World. At the base was the maktab, where a schoolmaster taught children to read and write.  

  • At a higher level, important texts in various subjects were read by individual pupils with particular scholars who gave instruction (dars) in them.  
  • A more institutionalized form of higher education, the madrasa, became widely established in Central Asia and Iran in the eleventh century, and from there it spread to other Islamic countries.  
  • Usually the madrasa had a building, where instruction was given by individual teachers. Often there was a provision of some cells for resident students, a library and a mosque.  
  • Firoz Tugluq built a large madrasa at Delhi whose splendid building still stands. From Barani’s description it would seem that teaching here was mainly confined to “Quran-commentary, the Prophet’s sayings and the Muslim Law (fiqh).”  
  • It is said that Sikander Lodi (1489– 1517) appointed teachers in maktabs and madrasas in various cities throughout his dominions, presumably making provision for them through land or cash grants. 

Source: Tamil Nadu state board.